Earthing or grounding is called for connecting the metallic parts of an electric device or installation to the earth. In other words, for safety reasons, it is known as Earthing or grounding to link the metallic parts of electronic machinery and instruments to the Earth Platinum or earth electrode via a thick conductor line. Earth or earth implies instead to connect the electrical appliance, such as metal covering, a socket cable termination, which does not convey electricity on the ground. Earth can be said as connecting the power supply system’s neutral point with the earth to prevent or lessen the hazard of electricity discharge.
Earthing’s primary goal is to prevent or reduce the risk of electrical electricity, the fire caused by the unintended path of the earth leaking of current. When the metal part of electrical devices is in touch with a live wire, possibly due to cable failure, the metal is charged and the static charge accumulates. The outcome is a significant shock if a person contacts such a charge metal. The power supplies systems and sections of devices must be torn down to avoid such incidents, to transfer the load to earth directly. Therefore in electrical installation systems, people require electrical terrain or grounding.
The basic requirements for Earthing are shown below:
- To protect people’s lives as well as electrical gadgets and appliances from leakage current.
- In the healthy phase, keep the voltage as consistent as possible.
- To keep the electric system and buildings safe from the effects of lights.
- In electric traction systems and communication, it serves as a return conductor.
- To keep electrical installation systems safe from fire.
Rod Type Earthing is commonly chosen based on its corrosion resistance. The pricing factor is another important consideration in the decision process.
Electricity has become a part of everyone’s level of living all across the world. Electricity is mostly transported from power plants to end customers via overhead transmission lines. The spread of settlement, even in some of the most remote locations, is a result of global population growth. The bulk of overhead transmission lines built to date potentially put birds in danger, causing severe damage to their habitats, particularly in their breeding, staging, and wintering areas.
At sunset, a group of birds perched on power wires, nesting for the night. This scene is stunning to shoot, but it has far-reaching consequences for both the birds and electrical companies across the country. Birds cause havoc on electricity lines and transmission structures in several ways, owing to habitat destruction and the dense population density of our cities and towns. Birds mistakenly believe that these transmission structures are pleasant places to nest or land.
Bird guards are barriers that keep birds from perching on transmission lines. It is a simple structure consisting of a square base and upright prongs constructed of non-conductive, hard-wearing, weather-proof material. Bird guards come in a range of sizes, based on the power utility’s needs and the size of the lines that need to be protected.
Why is it vital to have bird guards?
When birds land or nest on electricity structures, they cause damage and power outages in a variety of ways, including:
- Bird streamers– the long streams of excreta or waste that birds create can cause flashovers or line faults. Bird streamers are the most common source of transmission line problems.
- Birds pollution– similar to streamers when birds excrete on power lines can be caused by the wetting of the isolator string. These flaws are most likely to occur during the birds’ natural calm hours, such as early evening and before dawn, when they return home to nest for the night.
- Habitats destruction- birds choose to nest in the electricity facilities because of the shortage of nesting locations, such as trees and rocks in inhabited regions and because their natural habitats have been destroyed or changed during power lines. They create their nests on solid structures using twigs, branches, and huge bars, depending on the species.
- Species protection- species of birds are at higher danger of dying on power lines from electrocution or in some instances from flashback shocks. Because of their breadth and size, these tend to be larger birds as vultures, adults, and herons.