Drug rehabilitation is the process of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment of dependence on psychoactive substances from harmony clinic such as alcohol, prescription medications, and street drugs such as cannabis, cocaine, heroin, or amphetamines. The overall goal is to enable the patient to address any substance dependence that may be present and to stop substance abuse to avoid the associated psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences business.

Treatment includes medication for depression or other disorders, counseling by professionals, and sharing experiences with other addicts

Psychological dependency

Psychological dependence is addressed in many drug rehabilitation programs by attempting to teach the person new methods of dealing in a drug-free environment. Specifically, patients are usually encouraged or even told not to socialize with peers who are still using the addictive substance.

Twelve-step programs encourage addicts not only to stop using alcohol or drugs, but also to review and change their habits related to their addiction. Many programs emphasize that recovery is an ongoing process with no peak. For legal drugs such as alcohol, complete abstinence is also emphasized – rather than attempting moderation, which can lead to relapse (“One is too many, and a thousand is never enough.”)[citation needed].

Whether moderation is possible for people with a history of abuse remains controversial.

The chemical structure of the brain is affected by addictive substances, and these changes are present long after use has stopped. This change in brain structure increases the risk of relapse, which is why treatment is an important part of the rehabilitation process.

Types

Several types of programs provide assistance with drug rehabilitation, including inpatient/outpatient treatment, local support groups, extended care centers, recovery or sober houses, addiction counseling, mental health services, and medical care. Some rehab centers offer age- and gender-specific programs[citation needed].

In a U.S. survey of treatment providers from three different institutions (the National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors, Rational Recovery Systems, and the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors), treatment providers’ responses on the Spiritual Belief Scale (a scale measuring belief in the four spiritual characteristics of Alcoholics Anonymous identified by Ernest Kurtz) were measured; Scores were found to explain 41% of the variance in treatment providers’ responses on the Addiction Belief Scale (a scale measuring adherence to the disease model or the free will model of addiction).

Effective treatment addresses the multiple needs of the patient rather than just treating the addiction.In addition, medically assisted drug detoxification or alcohol detoxification alone is ineffective as a treatment for addiction. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) recommends detoxification followed by medication (if applicable) and behavioral therapy followed by relapse prevention.

According to NIDA, effective treatment must include medical and psychiatric services, as well as aftercare options, such as community- or family-based recovery support systems. Regardless of the methodology, patient motivation is an important factor in treatment success.[citation needed]

Treatment for individuals addicted to prescription medications is generally similar to treatment for individuals addicted to drugs that affect the same brain systems. Medications such as methadone and buprenorphine can be used to treat addiction to prescription opiates, and behavioral therapies can be used to treat addiction to prescription stimulants, benzodiazepines, and other drugs.Behavioral therapies can be used to treat addiction to prescription drugs.

Types of behavioral therapy include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy, which is designed to help patients identify, avoid, and cope with situations in which they are most likely to relapse.

Multidimensional family therapy, which aims to support the patient’s recovery by improving family functioning.
Motivational interviewing, which aims to increase patient motivation to change behavior and enter treatment.
Motivational interviewing, which uses positive reinforcement to promote abstinence from addictive substances.
EEG biofeedback treatment improves abstinence rates in the treatment of cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, and opioid addiction in 12-step programs, faith-based, and with medical support.

 

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