Since electric guitars are one of the most popular instruments, you can find them in various types. The instrument has been undergoing development for more than nine decades and has changed in several ways. Electric guitars are categorized based on their body style, neck construction, wood type, and pickup types, and each comes with a unique set of characteristics.

A musician is likely to own various types of electric guitars because each is designed for a certain vibe or style, has a deep palette to work, and offers more choices when it comes to mastering a certain tone.

Electric Guitars Based on Body Type

Solid-Body Electric Guitars

Solid-body guitars are typically made from solid wood pieces – often known as tone-woods. Each tone-wood gives the instrument unique tonal properties, colors, feel, and weight. A solid-body guitar has three different tone-woods for its neck, fingerboard, and body.

At times, the neck is constructed from various wood pieces that are glued together for overall enhanced properties. Telecaster, Stratocaster, Les Paul, and SuperStrat are some popular solid-body guitar models played in the music industry.

Semi-Acoustic Guitars

Semi-hollow and hollow body models are also known as semi-acoustic guitars and have cavities within their bodies to deliver warmer sounds. They also have a more dynamic response, sustain, and resonance but need guitar amplifiers to lift their natural acoustics. The sound produced by semi-acoustic guitars is valued by rock, blues, and jazz players.

  • Hollow: Also known as big jazz guitars, hollow-body guitars feature an inner cavity and an f-shaped hole that produces a distinctive sound. Its sound has a stunning acoustic presence and is prone to feedback with increased distortion or volume.
  • Semi-Hollow: Semi-hollow guitars have f-shaped holes in their body while the inner chamber is divided into two by a block of wood. Besides being used in blues and jazz, these guitars are also played in alternative rock, punk, and rock & roll. Moreover, their acoustic sound is more subdued while the sound is similar to solid-body instruments.


Electro-Acoustic Guitars

You can play an electro-acoustic guitar while it’s connected to an amp or unplugged. The sound produced is more acoustic and classical. Moreover, it also has different playability because it features a flat neck, the strings are heavier, and the higher frets are generally not-accessible. You can choose this instrument if you’re a solo performer or a songwriter.

Also Read:- Difference Between Country Music and Pop Music

Electric Guitars Based on Materials

Wood types commonly used to make solid-body guitars include:


Alder is one of the most commonly used materials in electric guitar construction. This wood delivers a well-balanced tone while providing amazing mid-range tones. Though its lows sound good, the highs aren’t as spectacular. Most Tele and Strat guitars are made from alder.


This wood is popular among Fender guitars and their versions. Despite being light, it resonates perfectly. Though it isn’t suitable to play lows, the highs sound much better. Ash also gives a spectacular, translucent finish to solid-body guitars.


Gibson guitars are made from mahogany that gives a warm tone. Moreover, they produce blurred highs and muddy lows; that’s why they’re a perfect choice for playing jazz music.

Playing electric guitar


This wood is the most affordable material used to make solid-body budget guitars. However, basswood is also used for SuperStrats and other high-quality instruments. It offers a balanced sound and is quite easy to work with because of its softness. Since it lacks visual appeal, a non-translucent finish is required. Some guitarists say its tone is quite flat, but the right pickups can significantly improve it.


Most guitar necks are made from maple because it’s heavy and hardwood. However, it’s also used to construct the body (particularly for its top). The wood features bright tonal characteristics.

Read Also: Difference Between Country Music and Pop Music

Electric Guitars Based on Neck Construction

Electric guitars are categorized into three types: neck-through, bolt-on, and set-neck. The set neck is fitted and glued into the guitar’s body, ensuring a sturdy connection for excellent resonance. Set-neck guitars produce tons of sustain and extremely rich tones.

Bolt-on necks, on the other hand, are most suitable for Tele and Strat types of guitars. The neck features a rectangular heel, while the body has a body pocket of the same shape. A metal plate and screws are used to fix the neck, but players can’t depend on a spectacular sustain with this design.

The neck-through guitar design features an extended neck to the body. Both parts are made of the same piece of wood, and the sides are either laminated or glued.

Electric guitar strings

Buy Electric Guitars Online

Are you looking for high performance guitars online? Visit Rock Guitars to check out our inventory of quality guitars that are designed for beginner, intermediate and professional guitar players. EddieA, the famous guitar luthier, designs each of his guitars meticulously while paying close attention to detail. For more information, get in touch with EddieA through his website.

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About the Author

The author is a famous guitarist in the United States who began his career in the music industry as a solo guitar player. Later he was offered to play in concerts, both nationally and internationally.


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