High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a recurring condition amongst individuals which can eventually lead to health concerns such as a heart disease. Your blood pressure is figured out by both the amount of resistance to the blood flow within your arteries as well as how much blood your heart pumps. Luckily, high blood pressure can be diagnosed very quickly, and once it is detected, you can take medications as prescribed by your doctor to control it.


Although individuals with high blood pressure usually do not have signs or symptoms even when their blood pressure might be reaching dangerously high levels, a few people do experience symptoms. Examples of these symptoms include headaches, nose bleeds, and shortness of breath. However, these symptoms usually occur when your blood pressure has become life-threatening. Therefore, it is essential to frequently get your checkup done by a doctor who will take your blood pressure reading as part of the routine checkup. 


Primary essential hypertension is a type of high blood pressure found in adults that does not have a cause that can be traced back. It usually just occurs gradually over time.  

Secondary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure occurring due to an underlying condition. Unlike primary hypertension, this happens very quickly and suddenly. Some of the underlying conditions as to why it might lead to secondary hypertension include kidney disease, thyroid problems, illegal drugs, and specific birth control pills

Risk factors:


Over time, as you grow older, getting high blood pressure increases with your age. Until around the age of 64, high blood pressure is predominantly found in men instead of women. Statistics show that women are more likely to develop it after the age of 64.

Family history: 

If you have individuals within the family who have high blood pressure, then it is likely for you also to get it compared to those who do not have a family history with blood pressure.

Lack of exercise: 

Not being physically active can be a concrete reason for high blood pressure. This is because people who do not exercise have a higher heart rate. The higher your heart rate is, the more your heart works to pump blood. Lack of exercise also increases the chances of becoming overweight.


Smoking increases your blood pressure and damages the lining of your artery walls. This can lead to your arteries becoming narrow and raising your risk of heart disease. 


Having too much salt as part of your diet can raise your bodily fluid resulting in an increase in your blood pressure. Alcohol as part of your diet can also increase blood pressure and damage both your liver and heart. 


Having high-stress levels can also lead to your blood pressure rising. Habits related to stress, such as binge eating or smoking more, can consequently lead to high blood pressure as well. 

Hence, if you wish to visit a cardiologist to discuss any heart-related or blood pressure concerns, we have the best ones available. You can find the best Cardiologist in Lahore and the Best Cardiologist in Islamabad that you can choose from according to your city.


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