A blood sugar chart helps individuals understand the range of their glucose levels at diverse times of the day. Healthcare providers make use of these blood sugar charts to aid in setting goals and regulating their diabetes care plans. Also, charts aid diabetics know their blood sugar levels.
An ideal glucose level would be based on individual factors however home remedies for diabetes also help to reduce high and low sugar naturally. Healthcare providers would work with individuals to determine appropriate levels for diverse times of the day. The sugar levels variation depends upon whether an individual has got up, consumed, or exercised. This blood sugar chart gives an idea of blood glucose levels over the day.
Blood Sugar Chart
This chart indicates normal fasting blood sugar levels and sugar levels after meals. Also, the chart shows the suggested HbA1c levels for diabetics and non-diabetics.
|Normal levels for non-diabetics||70 to 99 mg/dl|
|ADA proposal for diabetics||80 to 130 mg/dl|
Sugar level after a meal
|Normal levels for non-diabetics||Below 140 mg/dl|
|ADA proposal for diabetics||Below 180 mg/dl|
HbA1c (Glycated Hemoglobin)
|Normal levels for non-diabetics||Below 5.7%|
|ADA proposal for diabetics||Below 7.0%|
Blood sugar charts for kids
Ideal glucose levels differ at different ages. Below is the chart that indicates the ideal levels for kids with age 0 to 10 and above.
|Age||Blood glucose levels (mg/dl)|
|0 to 5 years||100 to 180|
|6 to 9 years||80 to 140|
|10 years and more||70 to 120|
The following chart provides an idea of how a kid’s glucose levels might differ throughout the day. Yet, they do not distinguish by age. The Healthcare provider would recommend levels appropriate for the person.
|Blood glucose levels (mg/dl)|
|On waking||72 to 126|
|Prior to eating||72 to 126|
|2 hours after eating||90 to 162|
Healthcare professionals note that strict adherence to blood glucose targets is not always good, particularly for kids. Parents might locate that physician offers more direct standards for kids than adults if the benefits compensate for the risks.
Blood sugar chart for teenagers
Below are the average standard levels for teens, however, individuals must ask a physician for individual suggestions.
|Blood sugar levels (mg/dl)|
|Prior to meals||72 to 108|
|Sugar level after food||up to 180|
Normal blood sugar levels prior to and after meals
The normal range of glucose levels in adults who are not diabetic while fasting is 72 to 99 mg/dL. These ranges might augment to 80 to 130 mg/dL for people getting diabetes treatment. As per the ADA, diabetics must have:
- Normal fasting blood sugar level of 80-130 mg/dL, and,
- Sugar level after a meal should be below 180 mg/dL around one to two hours after having food.
High blood glucose levels for non-diabetics start at 140 mg/dL, whereas people getting diabetes treatment to have a high-range starting at 180 mg/dL.
What level of blood sugar is dangerous?
Yes, high glucose levels may be dangerous. Even though high glucose levels produce signs of too much thirst, hunger, urination, and weight loss, with time these high levels may lead to:
- hazy vision,
- paresthesias of lower extremities (“pins and needles” feelings),
- eye and kidney damage,
- greater risk of stroke and heart attack,
- greater risk for infections.
Very high glucose levels (1000 mg/dL or above) may lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. And, this may cause unconsciousness and is dangerous for life. The treatment for too much high blood glucose includes insulin and IV fluids.
Are low glucose levels dangerous?
Yes, low blood glucose signs may lead to problems like
- too much sweat,
- drowsiness, and even confusion;
When left unmanaged, low blood glucose (or, hypoglycemia) might cause:
Low glucose levels start at 70 mg/dL or below. Diabetic patients who consume an excessive medicine (insulin) or consume their standard quantity, yet consume less or exercise more might develop hypoglycemia. Even though it is rarer, hypoglycemia may occur in some non-diabetics when they:
- consume somebody’s medicine
- consume too much alcohol,
- experience hepatitis or insulinoma (which is a rare tumor of the pancreas).
Hypoglycemia treatment is oral glucose intake (15 grams of sugar, 1 tbsp of honey, sugar, corn syrup, or intravenous fluids consisting of glucose. Revaluation of the blood sugar level in about 15 minutes following the treatment is advisable.
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