To conclude, GDPR is a data protection regulation that applies to data subjects in the European Union (EU). GDPR provides EU data subjects control over how their data is handled, stored, and transferred. GDPR has a global impact, making this regulation relevant to enterprises outside of the EU, many of which are situated in the United States.
Now, let’s look at some of the critical GDPR technological controls that must be in place to guarantee your business is GDPR-ready:
1. Identity and Access Management (IDAM)
Having the necessary IDAM controls in place will help limit authorised employees’ access to personal data. Separation of tasks and least privilege, two essential ideas in IDAM, assist guarantee that employees only have access to information or systems relevant to their job function.
What does this have to do with GDPR? Personal information is only accessible to those who require it to do their work. Individuals in this position should be provided with privacy training to guarantee that the intended purpose for the gathering of personal data is maintained.
2. Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
Having the necessary IDAM controls in place will help to limit authorised personnel’ access to personal data. IDAM’s fundamental ideas of task separation and least privilege serve to guarantee that employees only have access to information or systems relevant to their job function.
What does this have to do with GDPR? Only those who require personal information to perform their duties have access to it. Individuals in this position should get privacy training to guarantee that the stated reason for acquiring personal data is upheld.
3. Encryption & Pseudonymization
Pseudonymization is defined as “the processing of personal data such that the data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject without the use of extra information.” This complicated, difficult-to-pronounce phrase may relate to database field level encryption, encryption of whole data stores at rest, and encryption for data in use and transit.
The GDPR “recommends,” but does not require, pseudonymization. If a security incident occurs, investigators will determine whether the company responsible for the breach has implemented particular GDPR technical controls and technologies.
4. Incident Response Plan (IRP):
A well-developed IRP should address issues such as preparation, identification, confinement, eradication, recovery, and lessons learned. But what if an event occurs and personal data is determined to be compromised?
GDPR technical standards apply to incident response in your company. The breach notification standards are among the most significant in the legislation. “In the event of a potential data breach involving personal information, an organisation must notify the Data Protection Authority without undue delay, preferably within 72 hours of becoming aware of the breach; and communicate high-risk breaches to affected data subjects without undue delay,” according to GDPR.
- Third-Party Risk Management
Who is accountable if an organisation entrusts the processing of personal data to a processor or sub-processor and a breach occurs?
Quick answer: Everyone is liable!
Processors are constrained by the commands of their controller. However, GDPR data compliance requires processors to take an active part in personal data protection. Regardless of the controller’s instructions, the processor of personal data must comply with GDPR and may be held accountable for any events involving the loss or unauthorised access to personal data. Sub-processors must also comply with the GDPR depending on the contractual connection formed between the processor and the sub-processor.
As you can see, GDPR cybersecurity compliance is just as crucial for third-party interactions as it is for an organization’s internal operations.
The Key Takeaway
As you can see, GDPR compliance is more than just clicking a box. If you process the personal data of EU data subjects, you are just days away from GDPR implementation.
Take the time to investigate theA data protection security procedures you have in place to fulfil GDPR obligations and guarantee personal data is properly accounted for, safeguarded, and handled.
Don’t be concerned; GDPR data compliance is fun! Take pride in safeguarding personal information!