The Circuit Breaker can be an essential element of the electrical system. It is intended to safeguard any electrical device connected to it by shutting the power supply in the event of an interruption. At present, there are three different types of Circuit Breakers that are available for use in homes. Each one has its own functions, which you’ll learn later in this article.
What’s the purpose of an AGM
As per law that all electrical systems must have the installation of a circuit breaker. In general, you will discover them all inside the form of a box for breaker. The purpose of a circuit breakers is contingent on the kind but they all are designed to cut power (hence the term “circuit breaker”).
A breaker is able to detect an abnormality within your electrical system. It could be a result of excessively high temperatures, a current imbalance, or even a short circuit. If one of these should occur, it would trip. The circuit is then opened and stops the flow of electric current.
Different types of circuit Breakers
There are three basic circuit breakers. They are designed to be used in commercial and residential situations, with each being designed for a specific use.
Standard Circuit breakers
The circuit breaker operates by shutting off power if the system has reached an upper temperature. The current that is drawn by an electrical circuit is within a certain temperature range. If it exceeds a particular temperature, then the circuit is drawing more power than it can handle.
Standard circuit breakers shut off power through the use of material that is sensitive to heat. When the limit of temperature is attained, it will cause the inside of the metal to be bent which will physically stop electrical current. This feature of safety helps to ensure that the temperature of your wire does not rise too much, causing it melt, causing fire.
There are two kinds of circuit breakers that are standard that are single-pole and double-pole. Find out the differences between them below.
Single-Pole Circuit Breakers
Single-pole circuit breakers is designed to protect one wire. Also comes with an electrical supply of 120 volts. It typically is rated between 15 and 20 amps. Mostly utilized for non-heating and households with low amps.
Double-Pole Circuit Breakers
Double-pole circuit breakers consists of two single-pole breakers, and it protects two wires. It can operate with an energy source with a voltage of up to 240 V and is typically rated for 20-60 amps. It is typically used for domestic circuits that require higher voltages or amps, such as HVAC units and electric ranges.
The primary drawback of conventional circuit breakers is their method to detect anomalies. They require the presence of heat, which means they require an ongoing fault to be activated. If the fault isn’t reaching the required temperature to activate the breaker, the device might not respond as quickly.
The primary function of a normal circuit breaker is to safeguard the property. It safeguards against overloads of circuits and also prevents the electrical destruction of your appliances, equipment as well as your entire home.
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GFCI Circuit Breakers
In contrast to a conventional circuit breaker, which detects heat within an electrical circuit and the GFCI circuit breaker detects an imbalance in the flow of current. It immediately goes off when it senses any irregularity as a grounded wire, before an individual is shocked.
The GFCI circuit breaker is normally placed in outlets close to water sources. Because they are easily grounded by moisture, causing electric shock. It can detect small currents of just four or five milliamps, and react within one tenth of one second.
The GFCI circuit breaker is designed to prevent electric shocks, which are most common in areas with water, such as bathrooms and kitchens. It is also possible to install in other locations, like the laundry room, garage and outside, to guard against grounding.
AFCI Circuit Breakers
The arc-fault circuit interrupter, also known as AFCI is sometimes referred to AFDD or arc fault detection device. It is a device that detects the electrical arcs that are caused from damaged wiring. It also detects the arcs that originate from extension cords or in electrical appliances as long that they are hooked up to the electrical circuit.
Arc faults occur when the insulation of an electrical cable is damaged. It can happen when nails get into the wiring conduit, or through rodent bites, or due to aging. This AFCI circuit breaker is typically needed to be used in commercial buildings such as rental and dormitories.
Alongside the protection offered by the standard circuit breaker and this AFCI circuit breaker reduces the risks that could be posed by the electrical system. It is also able to stop the ignition of a malfunctioning spark, thus making sure that you and your property are safe from fire.
Circuit Breakers from AGM Electrical Supplies
AGM Electrical Supplies offer an extensive range of Circuit Breakers. Our range includes Single Pole, Double Pole, Three Phase, Four Way and Five Way Circuit Breakers. The circuit breakers are available in various sizes from 10A to 200A and up to 63A for Four ways and Five ways.