Knee replacement surgery can help you to provide relief from knee pain. It also allows you to remove damaged bone and cartilage from your kneecap, shinbone, and thighbone. Many factors can cause knee pain, such as arthritis, injury, and other diseases. You can consult with the Orthopedic Doctor in Kota for the surgery. In this article, you will know about the types of knee replacement surgery, risks, and exercise.
Types of Knee Replacement Surgery
Partial Knee Replacement
Partial knee replacement is recommended for injuries or arthritis that affect only one or two knees. The procedure is performed in a single stage to get leave from Hospital within two days. After the process, the broken bone and cartilage are removed from your knee. The healthy tissue is left behind. It is performed through smaller incisions so that the tissues will heal naturally and faster than total knee replacement surgery. When the patient feels better after recovery, they can place weight on their knees within a few days. However, you will require a walker to help you adjust your new knee. Although recovery can take several weeks, patients with partial knee replacements will recover quicker and more quickly. Also, they have experienced less pain and lost less blood than those who have total knee replacements.
Total Knee Replacement
Total Knee Replacement involves the complete removal of the affected joint and will do the replacement with new artificial parts, which is an inpatient procedure. It means that you will need to stay at the Hospital for a while so that your doctor can check how much your knee is healing. Also, the surgeon will remove any damaged bone and replace it with an artificial joint made of metals or plastic. It will also remove the thigh bone, top of your shinbone, connective, supportive tissues, and replace the prosthetic parts instead of these. It is crucial to move the new knee as soon as possible after surgery; typically it takes 6-8 hours. The patient will require a walker for standing and walking after the surgery. The recovery process is slower than partial knee replacement surgery. There are risks such as blood clots and chronic knee pain after the surgery.
Robotic Partial Knee Replacement
It is a similar procedure to partial knee surgery. Also, it uses robotics on behalf of manual surgery. The planning of Pre-surgical will ensure that the implant is placed correctly. The surgeon can also use computer guidance to guide the robot arm through certain parts of the procedure for maximum precision. This surgery has the advantage of faster recovery than standard procedures. It is individually tailored for each patient. Therefore, it is precise and accurate.
Osteotomy Knee Surgery
This procedure involves reshaping one of the bones to alleviate pressure on the knee joint. It is used for patients who have early-stage arthritis and has only damaged a part of the joint of the knee. Osteotomy reduces pain gradually increases the movement and function of the knee. After the procedure, patients can return to their homes after two days.
Knee Replacement Surgery Risks
The doctor recommends knee surgery for people who have pain from osteoarthritis. It is required for people who have to go with knee replacement surgery. It will prevent from feeling any pain during the procedure. General anesthesia will make the patient unconscious, and they will not be able to wake up until the process is completed. On the other hand, regional anesthesia numbs only the lower leg and keeps the patient awake throughout the surgery. Sedatives are given to patients to help them relax and fall asleep. The side effects can occur from anesthesia, including headaches, drowsiness, and heart attack.
The loose skin could allow bacteria to enter into it, which can cause infection. It will minimize the risk at the time of surgery. Infection symptoms include swelling, redness as well as warmth.
Normal bleeding is expected at the time of surgery or after it. Rarely, blood loss during surgery may cause bleeding and require a transfusion. Sometimes swelling can occur after the surgery.
It is one of the most significant risks associated with knee replacement surgery. A blood clot can form if blood flow is reduced or the blood vessel is damaged during the surgery. It can prevent by moving the legs or wearing compression devices.
After surgery, swelling is a common problem. It can occur on the knee, ankle, or foot. You can do light exercise or apply icing that helps reduce the swelling.
Exercise After Knee Replacement Surgery
Yoga can help you reduce stiffness, increase flexibility, and improve the health of your knees. Also, it can avoid twisting movements and ensure your knees by keeping them aligned with your ankles and hips.
Cycling can help you regain strength. Also, you can use an exercise bike or a bicycle to perform and track the activity to consider the timing.
Walking is the best way for the knee joint. You have to walk with a walker initially. Also, Keep in mind to touch the heel first and then flatten your feet. After that, lift the toes off of the floor.
After knee surgery, you need strength and flexibility to climb and down the stairs. You will initially need a handrail to support you and take only one step at a time. Always use your operating knee to lead you up the stairs. You can take someone help to assist you during the time of exercise.
In this article, you will learn about knee replacement surgery types, risks, and exercises. The surgery helps to treat arthritis pain and repair damaged knees. Also, do the practice for the fast recovery of the knee joint.