Sunlight carries a number of harmful radiations that reach us. It is impossible to avoid some of the radiation and thus, they affect the skin of humans. One of their harmful impacts is white spots on the skin. As the name suggests, this condition involves the occurrence of white spots on human skin. This write-up shares the causes, symptoms, and possible treatments of this condition.
How to identify the occurrence of white spots?
As per the opinions of some people, sunspots occur when the skin of a particular place loses its pigment. These spots stretch 1-3 mm long and may be visible at the legs first. Moving up, they may extend towards the upper body and face. So far, scientists have not been able to find the exact cause of this condition.
The loss of a pigment (Melanin) makes one prone to this condition. Although it may happen to anyone, it is more common to people who are above 40. The fact that it runs in the genes makes this problem more serious.
Do sunspots indicate the presence of skin cancer?
The people who are new to this condition might panic and start considering it as something scary. To resolve such issues, scientists have discovered and confirmed that this doesn’t involve the risk of skin cancer. Skin cancer is the result of over-exposure to sunlight. On the other hand, this condition may be a genetic disorder or by chance.
However, this may indicate the occurrence of fungal infections. This calls for separate action and treatment plans.
Possible treatments for white sunspots
Although only a dermatologist can suggest the most precise remedies for this skin condition, one must know about these options. They represent the possible solutions in a nutshell. The most common methods of fighting this condition are here.
- The treatment of IGH (Idiopathic Guttate Melanosis), the scientific reference for these sunspots, has not been discovered so far. However, there are certain OTC (over-the-counter) ointments and professional treatments.
- Professional treatments offer more obvious and visibly faster results. On the contrary, creams might take months to show even the minor effects.
Over-the-counter creams as a solution for sunspots
The over-the-counter (OTC) creams are of two types. Steroid and Retinoid creams are the most common creams that serve the purpose of resolving this issue. These points explain how well each of the creams works and the related mechanisms:
- Topical steroid creams- They are common in a doctor’s prescription for the treatment of inflammation, eczema, and other skin conditions. The corticosteroids or cortisol presence in these creams is responsible for the treatment of these skin abnormalities. This is why doctors trust it and suggest it for white sunspots.
- Corticosteroids creams are available in mild and strong strength. The availability of mild strength is common while the latter one is available only on the doctor’s prescription. There is no evidence of a cure.
No sources claim that these creams can treat the condition of sunspots. However, it may have some side effects. The most common side effect is the change in skin tone.
- Retinoid creams aim directly at skin discoloration that may reduce the effect of sunspots on your skin. The most common chemicals in these creams are tretinoin and retinol. These creams can give good results in four months. However, the results vary from person to person.
Moving to professional treatments, here are some methods that produce faster results than the OTC medicines. The common professional methods are given below.
- Laser treatment – These methods make use of ultraviolet radiations to create pigment-producing cells. This will enhance the skin’s immunity to sunlight and reduce the risk of sunspots.
- Dermabrasion- In this method, the doctors remove the outer skin of the patients. The removal takes place using a specialized abrasive tool and triggers the production of melanin. There has been a significant increase in the number of people whose melanin production has spiked up to 80%. The only disadvantage of this treatment is the redness in the skin that can extend for a duration of six months.
- Chemical peels also help in removing the layer of the skin lacking in melanin.
- Cryotherapy makes use of liquid nitrogen to freeze the sunspots. Although this method is not so popular, it still works sometimes.
Sunspots are the spots that occur on the human skin after overexposure to the sun. While in some people, it is a genetic condition, some may catch it due to the skin tone. The treatment of such conditions has different alternatives. While some like to go with the ointments, some like to opt for professional methods. It is entirely your choice and you must review all the factors before deciding. Ask a skin specialist in Dubai for the best opinions.