Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located at each side of your back. They perform the essential function of filtering waste out from your body.
If they do not work well, waste and toxins can accumulate inside your body, which can be life-threatening.
Chronic kidney disease is a gradual loss of kidney function. In the initial stages, it may not show any symptoms. Often, when you get to know, it can be too late.
In CKD, the kidneys do not stop working promptly. Instead, they lose their function gradually and slowly. If you have a complaint of chronic kidney disease, you should visit a nephrologist in Karachi.
The experts classify the severity of kidney failure based on eGFR. They have classified it into 5 stages according to the severity. As you age or if you have been diagnosed with kidney disease, you must monitor the kidney function closely.
What do the stages of Chronic Kidney Disease mean?
The stages of chronic kidney disease refer to how well your kidneys are working. It can deteriorate over time. In stages 1 to 3, or early stage, your kidneys are still working. They can filter blood, but their efficiency has deteriorated. But in stages 4 to 5, or later, they have to work harder and harder to filter blood, and even they may stop working.
The healthcare providers aim to improve the quality of your life. They also ensure to slow down the further damage to your kidneys so they can function as long as possible.
Doctors can tell about your kidney functioning and stage of kidney disease with the help of eGFR measures and urine tests.
Stage 1 of chronic kidney disease means there is slight damage in your kidneys, and your eGFR measures 90 or greater. At this stage, there may not be any such symptoms. However, some protein may be present in urine along with other signs of kidney damage.
Stage 2 of chronic kidney disease means there is mild kidney damage, and your eGFR measures between 60 and 89. At this stage, you will be healthy, and your kidneys are working well. You may not have any such symptoms at this stage, but protein may be present in urine along with other signs of kidney damage.
Stage 3 of chronic kidney disease means that some damage has occurred to your kidneys, and your eGFR measures between 30 and 59. At this stage, your kidneys may not be working healthily. This stage is classified into two stages;
- Stage 3a- means the eGFR measures between 45 and 59
- Stage 3b- means the eGFR measures between 30 and 44
There may not be many symptoms at this stage. But they can show up as;
- Back pain
- Need to urinate more or less than normal
- Swelling in hands and feet
At this stage, you may also have other complications, such as;
- Bone disease
- Hypertension or high blood pressure
Stage 4 of chronic kidney disease means your kidneys have got moderately or severely damaged, and eGFR measures between 15 and 29.
Stage 5 of chronic kidney disease means your kidneys are not working normally, they are near to a failure, and your eGFR measures less than 15.
When your kidneys stop working, you need to get dialysis done. You can also get a kidney transplant if your kidneys do not work well. If you have kidney disease, you should visit the best nephrologist in Islamabad.