Acne is an embarrassing skin condition that has plagued teenagers and adults for time immemorial. Luckily, with breakthroughs in research into the condition, everyone can more easily overcome this skin condition than in the past.

If you have acne and aren’t sure where to begin, consult this guide to gain a better understanding of the different types of acne conditions and how to treat them.

What are the Different Types of Acne?

Acne is a broad term for skin conditions that develop as a result of oil and/or dead skin clogging hair follicles. Acne can present in the following ways:

  • Comedones: Whiteheads and blackheads fall under the category of comedones. These result when pores are plugged.
  • Pustules or Pimples: These are large, usually red lesions containing pus. They generally appear to be inflamed.
  • Cystic Acne: This type of acne develops deep beneath the surface of the skin and is often painful.
  • Rosacea: This form of acne causes red bumps to develop.
  • Scarring Due to Acne: Raised, keloid scars or “ice pick” scars can develop due to acne.

What are the Different Treatments for Acne?

In general, acne treatments are geared toward accomplishing four specific goals:

  1. Decrease Skin Oil Production. Oil is one of the big culprits in acne-related conditions. Clearing your skin of excess oil is a major focus of many acne treatment approaches.
  2. Eradicate Bacteria. While there is both “good” and “bad” bacteria present in and on our bodies, an overaccumulation of these substances can lead to acne conditions.
  3. Improve Skin Cell Turnover. As skin cells die, they can clog up pores and create acne. Some treatments are geared toward improving the proliferation of skin cells to avoid this cause of acne.
  4. Decrease Inflammation. Underlying inflammation is a cause of many different skin conditions. Treatments that target the inflammation, usually help with the underlying cause of the acne.

The various treatments that have been developed, all focus on one or more of the above goals. These treatments are:

  • Topical Creams and Oils. Depending on your specific needs, your dermatologist may recommend the use of an over the counter, or prescription topical treatment.
  • Oral Acne Medications. Antibiotics and hormone regulating medications may be considered, depending on your form of acne and your specific needs.
  • Cosmetic Options. Some dermatologists may elect to use chemical peels an exfoliants for certain types of acne.
  • Surgical Procedures. Your doctor may decide that you would benefit most from a surgical procedure in order to effectively address your acne. These procedures include microdermabrasion, laser treatments, injections, and microneedling.

Final Thoughts

Acne is a debilitating condition that can cause anyone who suffers from it to feel self-conscious and defeated. Fortunately, there are many skin care companies who are now making it easy to access research-based methods to treat acne. For those cases that require a more in-depth approach, Dallas dermatologists have developed surgical procedures as well that have been shown to be effective in the research of acne treatment.


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